Malaria is a parasitic disease transmitted from person to person by the bite of infected mosquitoes. It begins as a flu-like illness, but if left untreated, it can become severe.
Malaria parasites destroy red blood cells, which can cause anaemia. Death from malaria may be due to brain damage (cerebral malaria) or damage to vital organs.
Treatment for malaria is rapid, effective, and inexpensive. However, in many areas where malaria is common, it is scarcely available.
MSF provides diagnosis and treatment of malaria, and distributes mosquito nets to pregnant women and children under the age of five, who are most vulnerable to the severe form of the disease.