Somalia sits on the Horn of Africa, bordering Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti. It has a largely desert climate and can be prone to drought.
In 1991, a violent civil war began in Somalia. Hundreds of thousands of people have been killed. The country has also experienced devastating food shortages and insecurity.
Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) first worked in Somalia in 1979. We closed our projects in 2014 after a series of extreme attacks on our staff. In 2017, having monitored the situation carefully, MSF returned to work in the country, on a much more modest scale.