Calais is a port town in northern France and the departure point for ferries headed to the United Kingdom (UK). It was also the site of “The Jungle”: an informal camp made up of refugees and migrants who had travelled to Calais in the hopes of reaching the UK.

“The Jungle” was not the only informal camp in France, but it was the largest. The lack of sanitation and exposure to the elements had serious consequences for people’s health. Before they were evicted in 2016, Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) filled gaps in the response to medical, psychological and sanitation needs.